Does Time Exist?
Does what we think of as TIME, the duration between each of our samplings of the universe, really exist?
To me, UNCERTAINTY (short for this principle) refers to PERSPECTIVE. What we mean by PERSPECTIVE is the formal method we use to sample the universe (from at least two POVs across a relationship boundary). In my journal-published article on unstable, two-phase, radial fluid flow (a two-dimensional, unstable, expanding droplet boundary, somewhat analogous to universal expansion) I speak of EXPERIMENTAL SPACE. We can never know for sure what is within our universe, but using our observational technology to create specific perspectives, we can build models of these specific experimental spaces to help us predict specific universal behaviors.
An example of an EXPERIMENTAL SPACE starts perhaps with tiny microscopic organisms swimming in a droplet of pond water on a slide. The slide is on a microscope stage. Above it is the objective lens. Above that is a tube to an eyepiece. Above the eyepiece of the scope is a human eye. And above the eye’s retina is the human brain. So in this example, the eye records from this unique perspective just illustrated, and the brain then processes what the eye sees and gives it meaning. The meaning adds more to the perspective. It actually might change it (in other words, the way we see what we’re looking at through the scope can change our further perspective about it).
Will we identify something by its characteristics? Will we look at the variation of those statistics? Will we use characteristics to identify new species? Will we measure the speed of each organism? This is how the experimental setup changes as the mind gives new meaning to the observed (what we are in relationship with).
In the Scientific Method of Research (similar to the way our minds work independently to understand our world) there are these steps:
- Explore the universe.
- Think of a question you want to answer and what the answer to that question might be (Hypothesize).
- Setup an Experiment to answer the question. (What setup/perspective will you use to collect data on your EXPERIMENTAL SPACE?)
- Collect data (today various technologies and equipment will be part of both perspective and collection data).
- Tabulate Results (will be driven by original hypothesis, or question).
- Conclude (This is where we give the results meaning. If we’ve written an abstract to our published research, this will be discussed as part of the expectations of our hypothesis).
- Now that we’ve tabulated the results of our data collected and generalized about them (giving them meaning) we continue to publication. We might conclude: This is how our EXPERIMENTAL SPACE works, and we believe the universe in general behaves the same way. Or, this research shows that EXPERIMENTAL SPACE does not behave the way we anticipated and so perhaps neither does the universe.
As a result of journal juried and published scientific research (following the above scientific method), scientists will try to reproduce the results of the research, or look at the research from a different perspective (experimental setup).
By Uncertainty, we can look at the universe, any part of it, by either collecting information about a coordinate location or about two or more locations.
We learn in geometry that two points determine a straight line. That means in order for a displacement or duration to exist, there must be at least two data points. This is a relational way of looking at the behavior of the universe in space-time.
Science is usually taught as an objective philosophy. We look in the scope, and we ignore the pathway or perspective or experimental setup we use to collect data. A big problem with the Double-Slit Experiment results in causing many scientists to pull out their hair or conclude that the upper limit of light speed is not velocity c. Instead, some researchers say the experiment proves that subatomic particles can move faster than light (FTL).
If we use the same meticulous inventory followed by the observer as we did with the microscope, we discover that the Double-Slit Experiment is really two independent experiments (in that the resulting data changes, not by FTL speeds but that that EXPERIMENTAL PERSPECTIVES can be made to change FTL (changing from one data point to two (a single to a double slit).
So what does Uncertainty have to do with TIME?
TIME is perceived as a duration between two samplings or two data points. If we only had one data point, one sample, it would be like seeing a dot on the screen in the Double-Slit Experiment (a location: objective view). But when we have two data points (two slits) a distribution, a complex configuration over space, a waveform, results. Sampling two points returns a distribution requiring an interference relationship, or duration of that relationship, to occur. So the two major ways we have of sampling our environment are 1) looking at objects, returning their magnitudes at specific locations, 2) looking at objects in time, a way that requires two or more data points.
[For those, who like me, were statistically challenged because of the chance interpretation, rather than the distribution interpretation of statistical reality (think of how weather is predicted: 50% chance of rain distributed over a given area). When an electron is shot at two slits, it’s distributional stats say it will exist in the space-time of the two slits (seeming 50% in each slit). If a particle is small enough (high enough energy), it can be observed to exist in expanded EXPERIMENTAL SPACE, giving us a clue as to how space-time is created in our expanding universe.]