**How does the creation of space through error lead to gravitational forces?**

## Boundary Behavior at An Unstable Boundary Trough

**I first became aware in my two-fluid experiment (see menu item EXPERIMENT) that the troughs formed early in the boundary instability and moved outward little throughout the flow (mainly because, just as in the straight-line flow of a river around a rock sitting on the riverbed, the inner fluid/water is nearly unobstructed by the large and tight curvatures there/of-the-rock). The inner fluid flows around the troughs with little resistance, so with analogy, centers of gravity (cgs) of highly-curved/massive-universal-volumes appear to have great inertia, and to stay in relatively stable locations (they do not very quickly move outward from the source with the rest of the expanding boundary). This is consistent with space not appearing to expand around massive gravity wells.**

**Boundaries:**

**Let’s discuss first, within this thought process, what a boundary is. The universal boundary we discuss would be analogous to the one that forms in our two-fluid experiment. So it does not exist on the outside of the universe, but between the implicit source of the universe (supposed singularity of the Big Bang) and the explicit formation of outward boundaries in time. The boundary itself is not on the outside of anything, but the actual, explicit universe, and everything else within it.(Of course, here on this site, with our thought experiments, the explicit universe comes into being through some relationship/difference across a/the boundary).**

**In our experiment we have two fluids, so it’s easy to visualize the boundary between the two and observe how it changes with time. What is the second “fluid” that allows flow through our universe/universal boundary?**

**If we only think of the universe as discrete, that is, always there when we sample, or 100% probable, then there is no change boundary. A boundary in its simplest form is a difference between two areas, or things. But if the outward flow through the universe was statistical, then there is hope for a difference distribution there.**

**This is how it may happen: when an energy packet moves outward to expand the universe, it has a “choice” whether it will flow radially in a straight line, or off to either side. Obviously, it takes less energy for it to go straight, but that doesn’t mean some energy packets don’t go to the sides. In other words, the distribution outward is statistical, as if the packets carry with them some statistical error. Because of the statistical nature of the universe, the most energetic and highest potential packets of the outward-bound edges of the universe (analogous to the sine-wave crests of our two-fluid experiment) are driven by the highest flow of error. The more energy crossing/at-the=boundary the more error. (So, perhaps, the origin of special relativity and tight-curvature/apparent-mass at the interface while approaching the speed of light).**

**Error and The Definition of Space:**

**This error, which determines the magnitudes of density distributions in our boundary universe, is our simple definition of space. Just as we cannot study locations, or the explicit world of form without acknowledging its contemporaneous function, space cannot exist wholly by itself. Space-time and form-function seem to be inextricably connected. As suggested in Uncertainty, they are perspectives at the opposite ends of a spectrum of perspectives. The information from one can only be observed independent of the other (For example, if you know a location of something in space, you cannot know its movement in time. Recent double-slit experiments show the local-intensity perspective (through the single slit) is different from the interactive, nonlocal perspective (through a double slit) and different from a gradation of perspectives in between).**

**Perspective:**

**Now, we probably need to explain how something like a perspective, seeming to require a consciousness and therefore part of a virtual reality, can exist without a perceptive higher order of consciousness. I write about perspective on other pages/posts within this Union of Opposites website. But quickly, I’ll mention here that perspective can be as simple in the form of an interactive boundary as saying it is concave upward or downward. In our experiment, fluid forces the concave downward boundary (the radial sine-wave crest) outward, where, depending on its intensity of curvature, a concave-upward boundary in the direction of flow (a radial sine-wave trough) behaves like an inertial body, moving little as fluid flows around it into the crests. The fact that simple curvature can change the perspective on the boundary gives us a clue as to how the universe might, without our level of consciousness, grow from a relatively real world, to a relatively virtual one (This real to virtual spectrum is, or will, be discussed in other posts/pages within this website).**

**Why does gravity work in only one direction as though toward a sink? **

**The gravitational force may arise when there is a difference, a relative energy difference, between the flow field into the crests and the stabilized trough as outwardly bound fluid/space flows around it (rather than radially extending it). This causes a kind of interfacial tension of the expanding ever more explicit boundary between the cg locations and the high-energy volumes/crests of space. Energy always flows from high to low potential and the flow around curved space (concave upward in the direction of expansion) causes this tension between regions of locality and high-energy regions of nonlocality (expansions or space-creating regions).**

**An instability wave trough/gravity-well exists at a lower potential, a ground state of kinetic energy. Tension is created on the universal boundary between this ground state and the expanding parts of the universe. So here, by our logic, gravitation is a force relative to and opposing the flow that expands the surrounding universal boundary around the gravity wells.**

**Gravitational tension/force (Newton’s Law of Gravity) in the boundary between the trough/gravity well/ground state and the high energy crest (as it relates directly to its curvature (mass)) is analogous and has an almost identical equation to the interfacial tension equation (except for the constant up front).**